Read e-book online An Introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment PDF

By Joseph Holden

ISBN-10: 0273740695

ISBN-13: 9780273740698

This hugely revered and best-selling textbook presents an interesting and finished advent to the main issues inside of actual geography. It makes a speciality of figuring out the inter-linkages among procedures, areas and environments and is totally illustrated to illustrate how the actual surroundings works. An advent to actual Geography and the surroundings is observed by way of a wealthy and vast variety of digital help assets together with up to date weblinks appropriate for every bankruptcy, a number of selection questions, fieldwork routines, interactive types and movies. The textual content is acceptable for either undergraduate and postgraduate research within the box of actual geography.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment

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Often scholars rejected anything that seemed to go against the teachings of the Christian Church. In the Middle East, however, Arab geographers such as Al Muqaddasi (who lived between ad 945 and 988) were pioneering fieldwork whereby observations were given precedence. 2 Historical development of physical geography he would not present anything unless he had seen it with his own eyes. Such Arab geographers maintained the Greek and Roman techniques and developed new ones. Arab traders travelled throughout Asia, Africa and the Indian Ocean and added a great deal of geographical knowledge to update the classical sources.

Furthermore, a case study fits into the realist perspective outlined above which states that we are interested in how general relationships occur in particular places. Therefore case studies are used to focus on individual events in order to identify how the processes are coming together to create that event (Richards, 1996). g. a landslide). In other words, by using a case study in the field we can establish how processes operate and how they come together at a particular place and time to produce an event.

These include the following: 1. The idea that it is impossible to do completely objective science: there is always a human who is doing the experiment and that person will always apply some sort of meaning to the research. In other words, there is an interaction between the enquirer and the research they are carrying out. Indeed, sometimes a scientist might be motivated by a range of external forces when doing their experiments. Some scientists are funded by a specific organization with a vested interest in showing that results indicate a particular thing.

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An Introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment by Joseph Holden

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