By G. Roth (auth.), Dr. Peter Kruse, Professor Dr. Michael Stadler (eds.)
Ambiguity in brain and Nature is the results of cognitive multistability, the phenomenon within which an unchanging stimulus, often visible, offers upward thrust within the topic to an oscillating perceptual interpretation. The vase/face photo is without doubt one of the most famed examples.
In this booklet scientists from many disciplines together with physics, biology, psychology, maths and machine technology, current fresh growth during this attention-grabbing zone of cognitive technological know-how. utilizing the phenomenon of multistability as a paradigm they search to appreciate how which means originates within the mind as a result of cognitive tactics. New advances are completed by way of making use of techniques corresponding to self-organization, chaos thought and intricate structures to the newest result of mental and neurophysical experiments.
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Additional info for Ambiguity in Mind and Nature: Multistable Cognitive Phenomena
Caglioti, G. (1994): Perception of ambiguous figures: a qualitative model based on synergetics and quantum mechanics. In this volume. Ditzinger, T. & Haken, H. (1990): The impact of fluctuations on recognition of ambiguous patterns. Biological Cybernetics 63, 453 - 456. Ditzinger, T. & Haken, H. (1994): A synergetic model of multistability in perception. In this volume. S. S. (1994): Recognition of dynamic patterns by a synergetic computer. In this volume. Haken, H. (1983): Synergetics. An Introduction.
Then sensitisation will correspond to an opening, habituation to a closing of attractors. Such an opening or closing of perception attractors can be achieved by changing attention parameters. One should note that attractors need not only be fixed points represented by valleys in a landscape, but attractors may be also stable oscillations (limit cycles), or chaotic attractors. As we know from synergetics, attractors are governed by one or few order parameters. Therefore, we may say that meaning is attached in each case to a specific order parameter.
Proximity reveals itself as an autochthonous (autonomous) factor, preceding any other factor in organizing movement and highly resistant to Einstellung or other cognitive factors. The other factors prevail only when they are recognized. 1 Perceptual and extra perceptual factors Let us now turn to another series of investigations based on the utilisation of multistability. We shall begin with a short history of the steps that have allowed to identify the factors determining figure-ground articulation.
Ambiguity in Mind and Nature: Multistable Cognitive Phenomena by G. Roth (auth.), Dr. Peter Kruse, Professor Dr. Michael Stadler (eds.)