By A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov
Hemistry is the technological know-how approximately breaking and forming of bonds among atoms. probably the most very important methods for natural chemistry is breaking bonds C–H, in addition to C–C in numerous compounds, and essentially, in hydrocarbons. between hydrocarbons, saturated hydrocarbons, alkanes (methane, ethane, propane, hexane and so on. ), are specifically beautiful as substrates for chemical modifications. this is why, at the one hand, alkanes are the most parts of oil and usual fuel, and therefore are the relevant feedstocks for chemical undefined. however, those ingredients are recognized to be the fewer reactive natural compounds. Saturated hydrocarbons will be referred to as the “noble gases of natural chemistry” and, if that is so, the 1st consultant in their family members – methane – will be in comparison with super inert helium. As in all comparisons, this parallel among noble gases and alkanes isn't absolutely exact. certainly the alterations of alkanes, together with methane, were recognized for a very long time. those reactions contain the interplay with molecular oxygen from air (burning – the most resource of energy!), in addition to a few mutual interconversions of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. although, a lot of these alterations ensue at increased temperatures (higher than 300–500 °C) and are typically characterised by way of a scarcity of selectivity. The conversion of alkanes into carbon dioxide and water in the course of burning is a very invaluable procedure – yet now not from a chemist point of view.
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Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Metal Complexes by A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov