By Charles G. Gross
Neuroscientist Charles Gross has been attracted to the heritage of his box due to the fact his days as an undergraduate. A gap within the Head is the second one selection of essays within which he illuminates the examine of the mind with attention-grabbing episodes from the earlier. This volume’s stories variety from the heritage of trepanation (drilling a gap within the cranium) to neurosurgery as painted by means of Hieronymus Bosch to the invention that bats navigate utilizing echolocation.
The emphasis is on blind alleys and mistakes in addition to triumphs and discoveries, with old practices attached to fresh advancements and controversies. Gross first reaches again into the beginnings of neuroscience, then takes up the interplay of paintings and neuroscience, exploring, between different issues, Rembrandt’s “Anatomy Lesson” work, and eventually, examines discoveries by way of scientists whose paintings used to be scorned of their personal time yet confirmed right in later eras.
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Additional info for A Hole in the Head: More Tales in the History of Neuroscience
The ﬁrst of these was Alcmaeon of Croton (ca. 450 bce) who is said to have been the ﬁrst to dissect as an intellectual inquiry, to have described the optic nerves, and to have written: The seat of sensations is in the brain. This contains the governing faculty. All the senses are connected in some way with the brain; consequently they are incapable of action if the brain is disturbed or shifts its position, for this stops up the passages through which senses act. 2 At about the same time we ﬁnd the following famous paean to the importance of the brain in the Hippocratic treatise (ca.
For example, in Mesopotamian thought, the heart was the center of the intellect, the liver the center of emotions, the stomach of cunning, and the uterus of compassion. 1 Chapter 2 Heart versus Brain The Alcmaeon-Hippocratic-Alexandrian Encephalocentric View The explicit belief that the brain controlled sensation, cognition, and movement arose among the pre-Socratic philosopher-physicians of the ﬁfth century bce. The ﬁrst of these was Alcmaeon of Croton (ca. 450 bce) who is said to have been the ﬁrst to dissect as an intellectual inquiry, to have described the optic nerves, and to have written: The seat of sensations is in the brain.
38. com, accessed in 1999, which no longer exists in its original form. Trepanation sites on the Internet seem to come and go. 39. Arnott, Finger, and Smith, 2003. For some reason, the presentation at the meeting of a modern-day advocate of trepanning for ‘‘raising consciousness’’ was omitted from this volume of the papers from the meeting. 40. Margetts, 1998. 41. Oft-cited print accounts include that of Mitchell, 1999. 42. Dobson, 2000. 43. This incident is from O’Brian (1984). 23 2 Heart versus Brain: Galen and the Squealing Pig Background Galen of Pergamon (129– ca.
A Hole in the Head: More Tales in the History of Neuroscience by Charles G. Gross