By Laura A. Janda
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Extra resources for A geography of case semantics: the Czech dative and the Russian instrumental
Wierzbicka's network 36 Although Deserieva (1974 & 1977) also fails to provide networks for cases, her discussion of them as "semantic fields" is even more suggestive of this sort of structure. She concludes (1977: 60) that the basis for any description of a grammatical category lies in the structure of the semantic field it commands, and that special attention must be paid to the semantic center of a category. It is difficult to conceive of a structure that would fit her description without meeting the specifications of the networks invoked by cognitive semantics.
Narrowly defined, the indirect object is the recipient of the verb ddt "give (to)" . Synonymy effects the spread of this case usage to clauses with other verbs that indicate the bestowal of possessions, such as koupit "buy (for)", poslat "send (to)". , vzit "take (from)", krdst "steal (from)". Extension via metonymy occurs with verbs which connote the giving of signals, money, benefit and harm, all of which take the dative in Czech, in which the direct object is already subsumed by the verb and therefore not overtly expressed.
His work inspired Jakobson's (1936 ) "Beitrag zur allgemeinen Kasuslehre", which has been a subject of vigorous debate ever since. Perhaps the most ambitious author in this regard is van Schooneveld (1978), who sought a single grand semantic pattern for all morphemes that serve to structure Russian sentences. The fact that Burston (1977) succeeded in applying the very same system of features which van Schooneveld worked out for Russian to a language with a very different case system (Pali) is enough to suggest that something is amiss.
A geography of case semantics: the Czech dative and the Russian instrumental by Laura A. Janda